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Doctor Kean-Seng Lim sitting at computer

Electronic prescribing

For prescribers

Over 219 million electronic prescriptions have been issued since May 2020, by more than 85,958 prescribers - GPs and nurse practitioners.

- April 2024

Getting started


To prescribe electronic prescriptions, you will need to use a clinical information system which supports electronic prescriptions. Preparing for electronic prescriptions requires:

  • Registration
  • Patient information
  • System Settings
  • Ensure your practice has a Healthcare Provider Identifier-Organisation (HPI-O) and is connected to the Health Identifiers Service. This is a core requirement for electronic prescribing. If you haven’t registered, get more information about registering here
  • Ensure your practice is connected to an open prescription delivery service via a prescription exchange service.
Patient information
  • Update your patient's (and their carer's contact details) on file (mobile phone number, email addresses).
System settings
Stay informed
  • Check to ensure you are aware of the legislation that is specific to your State or Territory such as the management of controlled medicines.
  • Keep your staff informed about electronic prescribing and how they may respond to patient’s questions about electronic prescriptions.
  • Subscribe to your software provider newsletters and correspondence.
  • Stay up to date with communication from clinical peak organisations.

What is electronic prescribing?

Electronic prescribing is an alternative to paper prescriptions, providing patients with convenient access to their medicines, and improving safety by reducing the risk of transcription errors.

Electronic prescriptions are not mandatory and patients will have a choice to receive either an electronic or a paper prescription (but not both).

Electronic prescribing provides a secure, fast, and efficient supply of medicines to Australians – in person via their doctor or telehealth consultation – sent directly to the patient’s mobile phone or email. Electronic prescriptions are available nationally as a ‘token’ (via SMS or email) or can be added to an Active Script List (ASL)

To generate an electronic prescription, you will need the capability built into your clinical information system. Check if your clinical information system is conformant.

What are the benefits?

The benefits extend to the patient, healthcare provider and, more broadly, the healthcare system. These include:

  • provides an alternative choice for patients and can be a more convenient option 
  • supplements delivery of telehealth services to ensure continuity of patient care
  • provides an opportunity to protect community members and healthcare providers from exposure to infectious diseases (such as COVID-19)
  • maintains patient privacy and integrity of personal information through token encryptions and data protection measures 
  • reduces the risk of lost paper prescriptions
  • reduces administrative burden for healthcare providers and organisations.

How electronic prescribing works

Using an SMS or email ‘token’ to issue an electronic prescription 

  1. A patient requires a prescription and has chosen to receive it as an electronic prescription.
  2. The prescriber issues the patient with an electronic prescription via SMS or email.
  3. The patient takes or shares their electronic prescription token with their preferred pharmacy. 
  4. The pharmacy scans the token to view the electronic prescription and dispenses the medicine.
  5. If the prescription has repeats, then a new token is sent to the patient via SMS or email by the pharmacy.

The patient will always have the choice to get their next repeat dispensed at a different pharmacy. All they’ll need to do is present the new token when more medicine is needed.

Safeguards are in place to prevent patients from using their token at multiple pharmacies.

The token itself is not the legal prescription; however, it is the evidence of a prescription. Once the token is scanned and used by a pharmacy to dispense the medicine, it becomes invalid and cannot be reused.

The prescription delivery service will lock a prescription as soon as it is accessed, so no other pharmacy can dispense it at the same time.

What is an Active Script List (ASL)?

An Active Script List (ASL) is a token management solution that contains a consolidated list of a patient’s active prescriptions. Patients will need to register for an Active Script List by visiting a pharmacy that is enabled to offer this service. 

The benefits of an Active Script List include:

  • patients no longer need to keep track of the SMS or email tokens, this information will now be stored in one consolidated list.
  • It overcomes the issue of misplacing token/s and the need for them to be reissued, and
  • it may be more convenient for patients who take multiple medicines.

How ASL works

Instead of presenting a token, patients will provide confirmation of their identity and request the pharmacy to dispense medicines from their ASL.

Initially, a patient will need to attend their preferred pharmacy to register for an ASL. They may need to provide 100 points of identification (PDF, 83.08 KB) and accept the terms and conditions, agreeing that all prescriptions will go to their ASL unless they withdraw their consent.

After the set-up is complete, an ASL can be accessed by:

  1. The patient visits their healthcare professional, and a prescription is issued which will be automatically added to the ASL, unless the patient requests otherwise. The patient does not need a token but can request to receive one. 
  2. Next time the patient visits their nominated pharmacy, the scripts can be accessed directly from the ASL. 
  3. If there are repeats, they will be automatically added to the ASL, unless the patient chooses to have them sent as a token via SMS or email.  

Check with your software provider to ensure your software product has ASL functionality.

State and Territory regulations

The same regulations for prescribing and supplying medicines exist for both paper and electronic prescriptions. Clinicians are required to adhere to the National Health Act 1953 and relevant State or Territory regulations when prescribing and supplying medicines using an electronic prescription. This is particularly important for controlled medicines. Please contact your relevant jurisdiction for more information.

Education and training

eLearning modules

Free CPD accredited online training can assist with providing an introduction to what an electronic prescription is, how it is prescribed and dispensed, the benefit of Active Script List, and the policy requirements and legislation that underpin the process.

Find out about:


Register for a free webinar for healthcare providers to learn more about electronic prescribing in your practice, as well as other digital health topics.